Depression, Anxiety & Stress Scales (DASS)
You can respond anonymously, and no data will be retained from this assessment. If you choose to include your initials and an email address, your results will be automatically sent to the email address provided. Please check that the email address has been entered correctly before submitting this form. All client information is managed on a strictly confidential basis. Please Note: Whilst every effort is made to ensure that our system is securely encrypted, email is not a completely secure means of communication. Think CBT does not accept liability for loss or theft of personal data where any individual chooses to transmit or receive information via email.
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This questionnaire is not designed to provide a definitive psychological diagnosis or to take the place of a professional consultation. Please answer all questions as accurately and honestly as possible.


Please read each statement and choose a response which indicates how much the statement applied to you over the past week. There are no right or wrong answers. Do not spend too much time on any statement.
1. I found it hard to wind down




2. I was aware of dryness of my mouth




3. I couldn't seem to experience any positive feeling at all




4. I experienced breathing difficulty (eg, excessively rapid breathing, breathlessness in the absence of physical exertion)




5. I found it difficult to work up the initiative to do things




6. I tended to over-react to situations




7. I experienced trembling (eg, in the hands)




8. I felt that I was using a lot of nervous energy




9. I was worried about situations in which I might panic and make a fool of myself




10. I felt that I had nothing to look forward to




11. I found myself getting agitated




12. I found it difficult to relax




13. I felt down-hearted and blue




14. I was intolerant of anything that kept me from getting on with what I was doing




15. I felt I was close to panic




16. I was unable to become enthusiastic about anything




17. I felt I wasn't worth much as a person




18. I felt that I was rather touchy




19. I was aware of the action of my heart in the absence of physical exertion (eg, sense of heart rate increase, heart missing a beat)




20. I felt scared without any good reason




21. I felt that life was meaningless